Sabtu, 16 Juni 2012

Bahasa Inggris Bisnis Dua

Exercise 37
Relative Clauses (Page 138)

1.       Whose
2.       Whose
3.       Which you spoke yesterday
4.       Who the highest in the school
5.       What
6.       Who
7.       Whose
8.       Whose
9.       What
10.   What
11.   Whose
12.   What
13.   Whose
14.   That
15.   Whose

Exercise 38
Relative Clause Reduction (Page 139)
1.       Chosen
2.       Accepted
3.       On the table
4.       Brought
5.       Drinking
6.       A professor
7.       Talking
8.       On the top
9.       Counted
10.   A doctor

Rabu, 13 Juni 2012

Restrictive vs. Non-restrictive Relative Pronouns

Relative clauses are also classified depending on their relationship with the noun they modify.  A restrictive relative pronoun identifies its noun--and divides the world into categories.  Look at our book example: The book that my sister recommended was quite useful.  The relative clause points to a particular book--and also means that there are books that my sister did not recommend. 
A non-restrictive relative clause is used to give additional information about the noun but not to identify it or to create categories.  Look at this example:
The Longman Student Grammar of Spoken and Written English, which was published in 2002, is based on the Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English.
The relative clause--which was published in 2002--gives additional information about the book but it doesn't say that there are two Student Grammars--one published in 2002 and another at some other date. 
Let's try this definition again by analyzing these two sentences.  How many groups of students is each sentence talking about?
1. The students who turned their papers in early went to a party.
2. The students, who want to teach ESL/EFL, try to get a lot of classroom experience.
What do you think?  #1--there are two groups of students.  Those who turned in their papers early and those who didn't. So, the relative clause in #1 is a restrictive relative clause. 
#2--that's about all of the students. It's non-restrictive.  Notice that the old definition about non-restrictives adding unimportant information is not true.  It's even silly.  Why would you provide un-important information?!  A non-restrictive provides information that the writer wants you to have but it is attached to a noun that is already identified and doesn't need anything else to make you know which one you are talking about.
Probably for teaching purposes, the clearest examples of non-restrictive relative clauses are those that go with proper nouns:
Douglas Biber, who is a well-known corpus linguist, teaches at the University of Northern Arizona.
At TESOL, I attended a lecture by Diane Larsen-Freeman, who is one of the co-authors of the Grammar Book.
Better examples for use in our ESL/EFL classes would be something from a textbook they are using like this example I found in my sociology source:
A classic example of an early woman sociologist is Harriet Martineau (1802-1876), who was born into a wealthy English family.
This non-restrictive relative clause gives important information that adds to our understanding of Harriet Martineau but is not needed to define who she was.

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Senin, 30 April 2012

Bahasa Inggris Bisnis 2

Exercise 36
Causative Verbs  (Page 135)
1.      Leave
2.      Ripaired
3.      Typed
4.      Call
5.      Painted
6.      Wrote
7.      Lie
8.      Sent
9.      Cut
10.  Sigen
11.  Leave
12.  Washed
13.  Fixed
14.  Published
15.  Find

Jumat, 20 April 2012

Causative Sentences

Causative Verb Definition: Simply put, causatives are those verbs that cause people, or equipments to do things. To be more precise, in a causative, a person does not do an action directly. The person causes it to happen by making another person to do it.

Causative verbs list can be recalled using My GHHL mnemonic,
  • Make
  • Get
  • Help
  • Have
  • Let
Examples of Causative Sentences using Make Verb
  1. Are you going to make your son work part time in the bakery this Winter?
  2. I can't seem to make this washing machine run.
  3. Professor Philip made us type up our seminar reports.
  4. I made the refrigerator work
Examples of Causative Sentences using Get Verb
  1. I want to get the house painted before summer.
  2. We will have to get someone to fix the dishwasher right away.
  3. Let us get some more exchanged for dollars.
  4. Let us get our car fixed first.
Examples of Causative Forms using Have Verb
HAVE has even less firmness than GET

  1. My science teacher had us give seminar reports
  2. Tom had a tooth filled.
  3. Have you had your lab reports taken yet?
  4. I like the way you had the team member do the task.
  5. We are going to have our car fixed before we go office.
Note: Both get and have are also used as passive voice. A simple trick to identify the causative passives is, "to" word follows:
  1. I will be made to do the job
  2. I was made to clean the basket.
Examples of Causative Forms using Let Verb
With Let, a person gives permission for another person to do an action.
  1. His father let her go to cinema.
  2. I am letting this equipment cool.
  3. My dad let me use his motorcycle.
  4. Would you let us to watch the movie?
Examples of Causative Forms using Help Verb
With help, a person assists another person to do an action.
  1. He is helping me type my letter.
  2. His wife always helps him do the office task.
  3. Don't you help each other study for exams?
  4. This video should help you to understand the lecture.

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Sabtu, 07 April 2012

Bahasa Inggris Bisnis 2

Exercise 32
Enough ( page 120)
1.People enough
2.French enough
3.Enough time
4.Fast enough
5.Soon enough
6.Enough early
7.Hard enough
8.Slowly enough
9.Enough flour
10.Books enough

Exercise 33
Because / Because Of ( page 121)
1.Because of
2.Because of
3.Because of
7.Because of
8.Because of
9.Because of
10.Because of

Exercise 34
So / Such ( page 124)